Borzoi Guide: Traits, Care Tips & Breed Insights

Explore the aristocratic world of the Borzoi, an elegant sighthound with a regal presence. Discover traits, care tips, and breed insights.

Did you know that the Borzoi, also known as the Russian Wolfhound, is not only an elegant and regal dog breed but also a skilled hunter? With their long and luxurious coat, aristocratic demeanor, and impressive height, Borzois are often admired for their beauty. However, there is much more to this breed than their striking appearance.

Borzois have a moderate level of affection towards their families and exhibit a calm and gentle temperament. They require regular grooming and thrive on ample exercise and mental stimulation. It’s important to be aware of potential health concerns that are specific to the breed for their overall well-being and longevity.

In this comprehensive guide, I will delve into the world of Borzois, providing insights into their traits, care tips, and breed history. Whether you are a seasoned Borzoi owner or considering bringing this elegant dog breed into your home, this guide will equip you with the knowledge to provide the best care and understanding for your noble companion.

Key Takeaways:

  • Borzois are elegant and graceful dogs, known for their regal appearance and long, luxurious coat.
  • They have a calm and gentle temperament, showing moderate affection towards their families and being tolerant of other dogs and children when properly socialized.
  • Regular grooming is essential to keep their coat in good condition and minimize shedding.
  • Borzois have high energy levels and require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and behavioral issues.
  • While generally healthy, Borzois may be prone to certain health conditions, such as cardiac issues and hip dysplasia.

Borzoi Appearance: Elegant and Graceful

When it comes to appearances, the Borzoi is the epitome of elegance and grace. This noble breed is known for its stunning physical attributes that contribute to its regal presence.

  • Curly Coat: The Borzoi boasts a curly coat of medium length, adding to its allure and giving it a unique and distinguished look.
  • Lean Physique: With a lean and statuesque physique, the Borzoi carries itself with an effortless grace that captures attention wherever it goes.
  • Height and Weight: Males typically stand at 28 inches or taller, while females start at 26 inches in height. The weight of males ranges from 75 to 105 pounds, while females weigh between 60 and 85 pounds.

This breed’s appearance exudes an aristocratic charm that sets it apart from other canines. The Borzoi’s elegant and graceful nature is truly a sight to behold.

Borzoi Temperament: Gentle and Calm

Borzois are known for their gentle and calm temperament, making them an excellent choice for families seeking a tranquil and loving companion. While they may not display excessive affection, their affectionate nature shines through in the bonds they form with their families.

When it comes to strangers, Borzois are generally open and accepting. They approach new people with a moderate level of openness and warmth, making them friendly and amicable in social situations.

When properly socialized, Borzois exhibit average patience and tolerance towards young children and other dogs. Their calm demeanor and gentle nature allow them to interact with children and other pets in a harmonious and peaceful manner, creating a safe environment for everyone involved.

Having a Borzoi in your home not only adds elegance but also a sense of tranquility. Their temperament complements their regal appearance, making them a delightful companion for those seeking a serene and loving presence.

Borzoi 101: Everything You Need to know

Key Attributes of Borzoi Temperament:

  • Affectionate yet not overly demonstrative
  • Open and welcoming towards strangers
  • Exhibits average patience and tolerance with young children
  • Displays a calm and gentle demeanor towards other dogs
Temperament Description
Affectionate Borzoi’s gentle and calm nature extends to their affectionate behavior towards their families. While they may not be overly demonstrative, they form strong emotional bonds with their owners.
Open to Strangers Borzois have a moderate level of openness and warmth towards strangers. They are generally friendly and approach new people with a welcoming attitude.
Behavior with Children When properly socialized, Borzois exhibit average patience and tolerance towards young children. They interact with them in a gentle and calm manner, creating a harmonious environment.
Behavior with Other Dogs With proper socialization, Borzois display a calm and peaceful attitude towards other dogs. They coexist amicably, establishing a serene atmosphere in their interactions.

Grooming Needs: Moderate Shedding and Low Maintenance

Borzois have a moderate amount of shedding, but their grooming needs are relatively low. It’s important to understand how to care for their curly medium-length coat to keep it in pristine condition and maintain their elegant appearance.

Brushing and Coat Care

Regular brushing is key for Borzoi grooming and reducing shedding. A gentle brushing session once or twice a week will help remove loose hair and prevent tangles. Use a slicker brush or a pin brush with rounded tips to avoid damaging the sensitive skin.

To keep their coat clean and free of tangles, it’s recommended to use a dog-specific conditioner or detangling spray during brushing sessions. This will make the grooming process easier and more comfortable for your Borzoi. Pay special attention to areas prone to matting, such as behind the ears, under the armpits, and the hindquarters.

Bathing and Drying

Borzois are generally clean dogs and do not require frequent baths. However, when necessary, use a mild dog shampoo specifically formulated for long-haired breeds. Ensure thorough rinsing to remove all shampoo residue, as any leftover product can cause skin irritation.

After bathing, gently towel dry your Borzoi to remove excess moisture. Avoid using a hairdryer, as the hot air can damage their skin and coat. Instead, allow them to air dry completely or use a cool setting on a dryer if necessary.

Nail Trimming and Dental Care

Regular nail trimming is essential to prevent discomfort and potential nail injuries. Use a sharp and sturdy dog nail clipper or grinder to trim their nails. If you’re unsure how to properly trim them, consult a professional groomer.

Dental hygiene is also important for your Borzoi’s overall health. Brush their teeth regularly using a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. This will help prevent dental issues such as gum disease and bad breath.

Ear Care and Hygiene

Regular ear cleaning is necessary to prevent ear infections and maintain good hygiene. Use a dog-specific ear-cleaning solution and gently wipe the outer part of their ears with a soft, damp cloth or cotton ball. Avoid inserting anything into the ear canal to prevent injury.

Professional Grooming

While Borzois have relatively low grooming needs, occasional visits to a professional groomer can help maintain their coat’s quality. A groomer can provide expert care, including trimming the hair around the paws and sanitary areas, as well as checking for any skin abnormalities or signs of infection.

By following these Borzoi grooming tips and incorporating regular grooming sessions into your routine, you can keep your Borzoi’s coat healthy, reduce shedding, and showcase their elegant appearance.

Exercise Requirements: High Energy and Mental Stimulation

Borzoi exercise needs

Borzois are a high-energy breed that thrives on physical activities and mental stimulation. Meeting their exercise needs is crucial to keep them healthy, happy, and prevent boredom or behavioral issues.

To fulfill their exercise requirements, I recommend the following activities:

  1. Regular walks: Take your Borzoi for daily walks to provide them with essential physical exercise. Aim for at least 30 minutes to an hour of brisk walking per day.
  2. Playtime: Engage in interactive play sessions with your Borzoi using toys such as balls, frisbees, or interactive puzzles. This not only provides exercise but also stimulates their mind.
  3. Opportunities for running: Borzois are known for their speed and enjoy sprinting. Find enclosed areas, such as a securely fenced yard or a dog park, where they can safely run and stretch their legs.

By incorporating these activities into your Borzoi’s routine, you can fulfill their exercise needs and help them maintain a healthy energy level.

Exercise Needs High
Energy Level High
Mental Stimulation High

Common Health Concerns: Understanding Borzoi’s Health

Borzois are generally a healthy breed with a life expectancy ranging from 9 to 14 years. However, it is important for potential owners to be aware of common health issues that may affect these elegant dogs. Regular vet check-ups, proper nutrition, and early detection are crucial in ensuring the overall health and well-being of Borzois.

Here are some of the common health concerns that Borzois may face:

1. Cardiac Conditions

One of the primary health issues in Borzois is dilated cardiomyopathy, a condition that affects the heart muscle, leading to its weakening and subsequent enlargement. Regular monitoring of the heart’s health is essential for early detection and proper management.

2. Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus)

Bloat is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that can occur in larger deep-chested dogs like Borzois. It involves the twisting of the stomach, leading to a blockage in the blood supply. Prompt veterinary attention is crucial to prevent complications or fatal outcomes.

3. Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common orthopedic condition characterized by abnormal development of the hip joint. It can cause mobility issues and discomfort, ultimately affecting a Borzoi’s quality of life. Regular exercise, weight management, and early intervention can help alleviate these issues.

4. Osteosarcoma (Bone Cancer)

Borzoi’s are susceptible to developing osteosarcoma, a type of bone cancer that primarily affects larger breeds. Early detection, proper treatment, and palliative care are essential in managing this aggressive disease.

5. Eye Conditions

Progressive retinal atrophy is a genetic condition that affects the photoreceptor cells in a dog’s eyes, leading to progressive vision loss. Regular eye examinations are necessary to detect any early signs of retinal degeneration and provide appropriate management.

It is worth noting that not all Borzois will experience these health conditions. However, staying vigilant and proactive in their healthcare will ensure a longer and healthier life for your beloved Borzoi.

Nutrition and Feeding: Supporting Borzoi’s Health

Proper nutrition is vital for maintaining the health and well-being of your Borzoi. These elegant dogs require a balanced diet that caters to their energy levels and size. Feeding them high-quality dog food specifically formulated for large breeds with high energy levels is recommended. This ensures that their dietary needs are met, providing essential nutrients to support their long, slender frames.

Borzoi nutrition should include low-fat options to prevent weight gain and keep them lean and healthy. However, it’s important to ensure that the food still delivers all the necessary nutrients. It’s best to consult a veterinarian or a professional nutritionist to determine the appropriate diet for your Borzoi.

Feeding adult Borzois twice a day is generally recommended. This feeding routine helps maintain a consistent supply of energy throughout the day and reduces the risk of overeating or obesity. Portion control is essential to avoid overfeeding, as overeating can lead to weight gain and associated health issues. Treats can be incorporated into their diet but should not replace the main meals. Instead, they should be given in moderation as rewards or for training purposes.

Provide fresh water always, ensuring that your Borzoi has access to clean drinking water at all times.

Feeding Recommendations for Adult Borzois: Portion Size
Morning Meal 2 cups of dog food
Evening Meal 2 cups of dog food

Training and Socialization: Working with Borzoi’s Independent Nature

Training a Borzoi can be a rewarding but challenging endeavor, given their independent nature. Utilizing positive reinforcement techniques, consistency, and short, engaging training sessions are effective approaches to ensure successful training outcomes. By using rewards such as treats and praise, you can motivate your Borzoi to learn and obey commands.

Basic obedience training is essential for building clear communication and establishing a strong bond between you and your Borzoi. Teach them commands like sit, stay, and come, reinforcing these behaviors consistently. Remember to be patient and understanding, as Borzois may take some time to grasp and execute commands.

Moreover, socialization is crucial for Borzois to develop proper behavior. Expose them to various environments, people, and animals from a young age to help them become well-rounded and adaptable companions. Gradually introduce them to new experiences and provide positive associations to mitigate any potential fears or anxieties.

Ensuring Borzoi’s Health: Regular Care and Maintenance

Regular care and maintenance are vital for the optimal health and well-being of your beloved Borzoi. By consistently attending to their grooming, exercise, and mental stimulation needs, you can help keep your Borzoi happy, healthy, and thriving.

Grooming for a Healthy Coat

Grooming plays a crucial role in maintaining your Borzoi’s coat and overall health. Their curly medium-length fur requires regular attention to prevent matting and keep it in good condition. Dedicate time for regular brushing sessions using a slicker brush or a pin brush to remove loose hair and tangles. This not only keeps their coat looking pristine but also helps minimize shedding. Consider using a de-shedding tool, such as a grooming rake, to efficiently remove any excess hair during shedding seasons. Remember to check and clean their ears regularly to prevent infections.

Exercise: Meeting High Energy Levels

Borzois are a breed with high energy levels and need ample exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. Engaging in regular exercise routines that suit their age and overall health is essential. Long walks, off-leash running in securely enclosed areas, and interactive play sessions are effective ways to fulfill their exercise requirements. Providing opportunities for them to run and stretch their lean physiques will not only keep them fit but also help prevent behavioral issues that can arise from pent-up energy.

Mental Stimulation: Nurturing the Mind

In addition to physical exercise, Borzois require mental stimulation to thrive. Engage their intelligent minds with interactive toys, puzzle games, and training sessions that challenge their problem-solving skills. Incorporating activities that encourage them to use their senses and instincts, such as scent work or agility training, can provide mental enrichment and enhance their overall well-being. A bored Borzoi can exhibit destructive behaviors, so it’s important to provide them with regular mental stimulation to keep their minds sharp and content.

Diet, Weight Management, and Dental Care

Proper nutrition and weight management are key to the long-term health of your Borzoi. Choose a high-quality dog food that is suitable for their age, size, and energy levels to provide the necessary nutrients for their well-being. Control their portions to prevent overeating and obesity, as excess weight can lead to various health issues. Additionally, pay attention to their dental hygiene by providing regular dental care, such as brushing their teeth or offering dental chews, to prevent dental disease and promote overall oral health.

Routine Vet Check-ups and Professional Advice

Schedule regular vet check-ups to ensure your Borzoi’s health is closely monitored and any potential issues are addressed promptly. Your veterinarian will assess their overall condition, provide necessary vaccinations, perform routine tests, and discuss any concerns you may have. Professional advice from a veterinarian who is familiar with this breed is invaluable and will help you make informed decisions about their care.

Keeping Your Borzoi Happy and Healthy

Taking a proactive approach to your Borzoi’s health care, grooming, exercise, and mental stimulation needs will contribute to their overall happiness and well-being. By providing regular care and maintenance, you are ensuring that your Borzoi lives the healthy and fulfilling life they deserve.

The History and Heritage of the Borzoi Breed

Borzoi breed

Borzois have a rich history and heritage, making them a fascinating breed to explore. Originating in Russia in the 1600s, these dogs quickly gained popularity among Russian nobility, who prized them for their elegance and hunting prowess. The Borzoi breed was developed by crossing the Arabian Greyhound with thick-coated Russian dogs, resulting in their unique combination of speed and endurance.

Primarily used as coursing hounds, Borzois were exceptional at chasing and capturing swift prey. Their hunting origins are evident in their physique and instinctive behaviors. With their long legs, streamlined bodies, and keen eyesight, they were highly valued for coursing and hunting large game.

Despite their noble and regal stature, Borzois faced near-extinction following the Russian Revolution. However, their exceptional qualities caught the attention of dog enthusiasts in America, leading to their recognition as a breed in 1891.

During the Golden Age of Hollywood, Borzois gained further popularity and became a symbol of elegance and luxury. Film stars such as Mary Pickford, Olivia de Havilland, and Mae West were proud owners of Borzois, showcasing their beauty on and off the screen.

The Borzoi Breed: A Noble Legacy


The Borzoi’s heritage as a noble breed continues to captivate dog lovers around the world. Whether as cherished companions or competitors in dog shows, these magnificent dogs carry with them a proud history and a strong connection to their Russian roots.

While their hunting days may be largely in the past, the Borzoi’s elegance, grace, and gentle nature make them a beloved addition to any family. Their regal presence and storied history serve as a reminder of their importance in the canine world.

In the next section, we will delve deeper into the various aspects of caring for a Borzoi, from nutrition and grooming to training and socialization. Exploring these essential topics will equip you with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide the best possible care for your Borzoi companion.


Borzois are an elegant and regal breed that captures the hearts of dog enthusiasts and families worldwide. Their aristocratic appearance and gentle temperament make them stand out both in the show ring and in the home. This comprehensive guide has provided valuable insights into the world of Borzois, covering their traits, care tips, and breed insights.

Whether you’re a seasoned Borzoi owner or considering adding one of these magnificent dogs to your life, the information provided here will help you care for and understand these noble companions. With proper care, training, and attention to their needs, Borzois can make wonderful companions and beloved family members.

From understanding their regal appearance and gentle temperament to learning about their grooming needs, exercise requirements, health concerns, and training methods, this guide has equipped you with the knowledge you need to provide the best care for your Borzoi.

By following the guidance and recommendations outlined in this Borzoi guide, you can build a strong bond with your Borzoi and ensure their overall health and happiness for years to come. So, embrace the elegance and companionship that Borzois offer, and enjoy the unique experience of sharing your life with this extraordinary breed.


What is the temperament of a Borzoi?

Borzois have a gentle and calm temperament. They are affectionate with their families and show a moderate level of patience and tolerance towards young children and other dogs.

What are the grooming needs of a Borzoi?

Borzois have a moderate amount of shedding, but their grooming needs are relatively low. Occasional brushing is sufficient to maintain the condition of their coat and minimize shedding.

How much exercise do Borzois need?

Borzois have a high amount of energy and require ample exercise to stay healthy and happy. Regular walks, playtime, and opportunities for running in enclosed areas are essential to meet their exercise requirements.

What are the common health concerns for Borzois?

Borzois may be prone to certain health conditions such as heart issues, bloat, hip dysplasia, osteosarcoma, and eye conditions. Regular vet check-ups and proper care are crucial for their overall health and well-being.

What should I feed my Borzoi?

Borzois require a balanced diet tailored to their energy levels and size. High-quality dog food formulated for large breeds with high energy levels is recommended. Feeding adult Borzois twice a day is generally recommended.

How should I train and socialize my Borzoi?

Training a Borzoi may present some challenges due to their independent nature. Positive reinforcement methods, consistency, and short, engaging training sessions are effective approaches. Socialization from a young age is important to expose them to different environments, people, and animals for proper behavior development.

How should I care for my Borzoi’s overall health?

Regular grooming, exercise, mental stimulation, proper nutrition, and routine vet check-ups are essential for maintaining the health and well-being of Borzois.

What is the history of the Borzoi breed?

Borzois originated in Russia in the 1600s and were popular among Russian nobility for centuries. They were primarily used as coursing hounds and excelled in hunting swift prey.ReferencesOrganizationInternet LinkInternational Borzoi Council (IBC)FacebookUnion of International Associations (UIA)UIA Yearbook ProfileNational Borzoi Rescue Foundation (NBRF)NBRF



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *